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Layout, Floor and Wall Framing

Learn the basic principles and methods of floor and wall framing in construction, from which tools are essential for a framing job to common applications for sheet goods and key systems used to build walls.


  • Access to course material for 30 days.
  • Train with a Pro

  • Spanish Subtitles Available

  • Mobile Access

  • 18 In-depth Lessons

  • Certificate of Completion

  • Practical Resources

Lesson Plan

18 Video Lessons · 2H

  • 1. Introduction to Framing

    Sarah Smith is executive director of Sawhorse Revolution, a Seattle nonprofit empowering disadvantaged high school students through carpentry and design. Sarah shares what you’ll learn in her course, from wall frame construction to common tools.

  • 2. Dimensional Lumber for Framing

    Sarah describes several types of dimensional lumber used in wood framing, noting key measurements and terminology.

  • 3. Sheet Goods for Exterior Framing

    There are two types of engineered wood products for wood frame construction: CDX and OSB. Learn their properties, common applications, and how they’re best used.

  • 4. Fasteners

    Sarah shares the types of fasteners commonly used in wood framing, including sixteen-penny nails, galvanized nails, and joist hanger screws.

  • 5. Personal Protective Equipment

    Keeping yourself safe is essential on any project. Learn what PPE is useful for wood frame construction, from ear protection to respirators.

  • 6. Hand Tools

    Sarah covers three types of hand tools: tools for nail manipulation, measuring, and marking. Plus: miscellaneous tools like chisels, saws, and plumb bobs.

  • 7. Pneumatic Tools

    Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air. Sarah shares how they're used and her thoughts on maintenance.

  • 8. Cutting Tools

    Sarah reveals the most common cutting tools you’ll find on a framing site, like the circular saw, sawzall, oscillating tool, and power planer.

  • 9. Drills and Drivers

    Drills and drivers fasten and manipulate lumber. Learn essential drill and driver terminology and how to choose fasteners for tools.

  • 10. Tool Belt

    Sarah shares which tools to stash in your toolbelt: the hammer loop, torpedo level, and cat’s paw.

  • 11. Principles of Framing

    There are three principles of quality framing: planning ahead; supporting and connecting the structures; and ensuring plumb, level, square, and straight structures.

  • 12. Terminology and Getting Started

    Learn which members comprise wall frames and floor frames: studs, footings, joists, and more.

  • 13. Layout Marks and 16 On-Center

    Sarah shares essential layout marking tools, then shows how to measure and mark a piece of lumber so it’s “sixteen on-center,” meaning every 16 inches aligns with the center of the stud.

  • 14. Floor Framing

    Sarah describes the floor-framing process, which entails leveling skids, installing floor joists, and making exterior rim joists flush.

  • 15. Squaring Floors

    Sarah shares two ways to check for square floors: the 3-4-5 triangle method and measuring for even corners.

  • 16. Assembling: Walls

    Sarah shows how to assemble wall layouts by measuring and marking the lumber before installation.

  • 17. Tipping Up Walls

    Learn about tipping up walls, from marking measurements with chalk lines to clearly communicating.

  • 18. Squaring and Bracing Walls

    Sarah shares ways to check for square and plumb walls and how braces hold walls in place.

Who it's for: This course is designed to cover the fundamental aspects of floor and wall framing to help construction workers gain the basic skills and knowledge required to build efficiently on a jobsite.

Key Topics

  • Layout

  • House framing

  • Tools for framing

  • Floor framing

  • Wall framing

  • Types of lumber

4.8 Out of
5 stars

Overall rating of 27 students

Become Job Ready

This course will increase your knowledge for jobs like:




Apprentice Carpenter







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$70 per seat

Common Questions

  • What is MT Copeland?

    MT Copeland helps you further your career in the building industry with expert-led online education that will make you a better, smarter tradesperson.

    Our training courses give you a foundation in construction fundamentals and trade skills with real-world applications and best practices to help you grow on the job.

  • What do courses include?

    Online courses include professionally produced videos taught by leaders in the trades and supplementary learning material such as quizzes, assessments and downloadable materials to help you acquire new skills. Watch anywhere, always at your own pace. We keep lesson videos short so they’re easy to watch after work or on your lunch break. You can finish a course in one sitting, or space it out over a week or two.

  • Can you learn with MT Copeland outside of the u.s.?

    Yes! You can take MT Copeland courses from anywhere in the world. Our courses are online, so if you have access to the Internet, you can watch our training videos. Courses are taught in English, with English captions and Spanish subtitles available.

  • Where did the name MT Copeland come from?

    MT Copeland was named after a legendary educator who promoted the idea that training in a specific trade paired with a knowledge of general business principles opens up a whole new world of career possibilities. We believe in the same powerful combination of skills and knowledge.

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